Installation on the High Line. Image from thehighline.org
Original for clarity. Image from iwantapresident.wordpress.com
In Code of the Streets, Elijah Anderson discusses how poverty, racism, fallout from drugs, and a lack of faith in the criminal justice system in inner cities have resulted in alienation. The code of the street is a set of informal rules governing interpersonal behavior that act as a framework for obtaining and maintaining respect or “juice.” The code creates an alternative status system whereby respect is hard won and easily lost. The presentation of self, such as facial expressions, body language, manner of dress, and word use can signal intentions. Ignorance of the rules are no excuse; everyone is expected to know the code and behave in the prescribed manner.
In Hip Hop: Beyond Beats and Rhymes, Byron Hurt talks to academics and rappers about representations of masculinity and violence in rap music. Though the documentary is a bit older (2006), the content is still relevant. In an interview, rapper Fat Joe talks about how even at music industry events and in night clubs, everyone feels the need to present themselves as “hard.” Later, rapper Mos Def talks about growing up as a black man you “don’t want nobody taking you for short…but when shit got critical, you can’t be no punk…and you will get tested.” Hurt also includes discussion of the need for poor men who lack financial power to have control over their bodies and be able to present themselves as deserving of respect.
The Risk podcast, episode 510 “Impulsive,” featured a story called “Judgment Day” by J.J. about his experience coming from inner city poverty, going to college, and returning home to visit. The storyteller gets in an altercation with a man from the neighborhood and comes very close to killing the man as retaliation for hurting his pride.
The most notorious episodes of the Risk podcast are probably the ones where host, Kevin Allison, talks about kink camp.
In number 229 “Kevin Goes to Kink Camp 1” and number 230 “Kevin Goes to Kink Camp 2” Kevin walks the listener through his first experience of kink camp and what it is like to be a gay man at a primarily heterosexual orgy.
In episode number 828 “Make Believe,” Kevin tells a story called “The Whiz Kid” about his return to kink camp where he participated in “water sports” or urine play.
Summerhill, a bar / sandwich shop in Crown Heights Brooklyn, has been making waves for the last few days. The restaurant has been open for roughly one month, but recently sent out a press release stating the bar was “Instagramable” because of a “bullet hole-ridden wall” and serving forty ounce rosé in paper bags.
image from Summerhill Instagram
First, it is important to point out that Crown Heights has been undergoing gentrification for the last 15 years. According to the Census Bureau, from 2000 to 2012 the white population of the neighborhood increased from 3.5% to 12.4% while the black/African American population decreased from 83.6% to 76.8% (based on NTA “North Crown Heights). In the last five years the trend has continued.
The owner of Summerhill is a white woman named Becca Brennan, which means she is literally a ‘Becky,’ from Toronto. She has only lived in the neighborhood for two years and identifies as a “reformed corporate tax attorney.” In an interview with Gothamist she stated “As someone who lives on Nostrand, I was getting tired of walking to Franklin,” Brennan said. “It’s three blocks, but it’s three long blocks. You just deserve something close, and a hang out, especially if you live on New York [Avenue] or Schenectady or something like that.” Comments like these have lead to signs being placed around Crown Heights quoting the Brennan.
image from Eater NY
The bar’s bullet holes and “rumored backroom illegal gun shop” authenticity has come into question and the use of violence in communities of color as a marketing tool has been roundly condemned. Serving forty ounce rosé in paper bags is an obvious use of a stereotype of black people. The juxtaposition of the forty in a bag and rosé is a great example of hipster racism, where supposedly it is not racist because it is supposed to be ironic or funny.
image from Summerhill Instagram
Brennan’s early response to the backlash was pretty terrible. As a Facebook comment she made “a joke about her tan in response to being called white in the Eater article.” In a later interview with Gothamist she also backed out of her plan for serving rosé, stating “I also want to clarify about our bottles of rosé,” Brennan added. “We serve them in ice buckets and we have them on our menu because rosé is delicious, and it’s a great deal for what amounts to more than a standard bottle of wine. We have no intention of serving them in any other way.”
Whatever the argument, a white woman is attempting to capitalize off of aestheticizing the violence and poverty people of color have experienced in Crown Heights. Neighborhood residents are planning a protest and yelp has been inundated with negative reviews.
Comedian Nish Kumar talking about the political nature of comedy, action films, folk music, and board games.
image from tvtime.com
Though there are objective and critical views of deviance, subjective views look at how deviance is constructed relative to cultural norms. Deviance is then a behavior that is defined as deviant within a cultural context.
In the United States, we tend to see violence and guns as more socially acceptable and sex as less socially acceptable than other industrialized countries. In Texas, this line became clear when university students carried out a ‘Cocks not Glocks‘ protest, bringing sex toys around campus in protest of a new law allowing concealed weapons on campus.
image from Newsweek
The relative deviance of sex and sexuality can also be seen in how various countries rated the film Fifty Shades of Grey.